Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India with a population of almost 5 million. The city is also sometimes called Karnavati, an older name and as Amdavad in colloquial Gujarati. Ahmedabad is the administrative center of Ahmedabad District, and was the former capital of Gujarat State from 1960 to 1970, when Gandhinagar replaced it.
The city was founded in the 15th century by Sultan Ahmed Shah on the Sabarmati river, and served as capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat. The historic center of Ahmedabad is presently a thriving business district. Ahmedabad is mainly divided in two parts, the old city, and new city. The old city has developed rather haphazardly, and most of the roads are narrow and crowded during business hours. The new city has well-structured, wide roads. A wide variety of shops and businesses exist in the city.
In addition to its role as a commercial center, Ahmedabad is also an important industrial center, with chemical and textile industries. Ahmedabad is often described as the Manchester of the East, because of its once-booming textile industry.
Ahmedabad enjoys a thriving cultural tradition, being the centre of Gujarati cultural activities and diverse traditions of different ethnic and religious communities. Popular celebrations and observances include Uttarayan — an annual kite-flying day on 14 January. The nine nights of Navaratri are celebrated with people performing Garba — the folk dance of Gujarat — at venues across the city. The festival of lights — Deepavali is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, the decorating the floors with the rangoli and the bursting of firecrackers. Other festivals such as Holi, Eid ul-Fitr and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm. The annual Rathyatra procession on the Ashadh-sud-bij date of the Hindu calendar and the procession of Tajia during the Muslim holy month of Muharram are integral parts of the city's culture.
It is amongst the most popular tourist sights in the city. Built of yellow sandstone this mosque stands on 260 pillars which support 15 domes at varying elevations. The mosque was built by Ahmad Shah in 1423. It is easily accessible as it stands in the centre of the old city. This imposing structure reflects the Muslim architecture of that period.
Quite an unusual structure, Jhulta Minara or swaying minarets are a part of the mosque of Siddi Bashir and can be moved back and forth by applying a little force at the topmost arch. One of the minarets was partly demolished by an Englishman in his endeavours to unravel the mystery of the swaying minarets. The mosque was built by master craftsmen and the crucial mechanism that leads to the vibration is still a mystery. The other interesting fact here is that these minars stand the test of the rumbling trains that pass not very far away from them
Hathising Jain Temple
An impressive white structure, the Jain temple built of white marble and elaborately carved is dedicated to Dharmanath - the 15th Jina or Jain Apostle. Similar to all Jain temples, this temple too is rich in intricate carvings displaying among other things - musicians
To add special charm to the varied sights of the city there is the Bhadra Fort, which once housed royal palaces and well-laid gardens. It boasts of the temple of Bhadrakali and was built in 1411 during the Maratha rule.
Sidi Sayed Mosque
Sidi Sayed Mosque is unique for its exquisite screens, which are praised for their amazing Jhali screen, framed, in the ten semi-circular windows. The screen carved out of one rock is just exceptional. A visit to this superb and outstanding example of delicate carving is an absolute must
The ashram was founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1915, and today without doubt it is the biggest tourist attraction in Ahmedabad. It lies on the tranquil stretch of the Sabarmati river and was referred to as the Satyagraha Ashram during the lifetime of the Mahatma. It was from here, that the Mahatma began his famous 'Dandi March' in 1930 to protest against the Salt Tax imposed by the British. One can see the three wise monkeys and many more of Gandhiji's teachings at the ashram premises. The ashram today continues the work started by Mahatma and houses a handicrafts centre, a handmade paper factory and a spinning wheel factory. Besides, there are several
A circular lake built in 1451 by Sultan Qutub-ud-Din. In the centre of the lake is an island garden with a summer palace known as Nagina Wadi. The lake is a popular recreation centre surrounded by parks, 'Bal Vatika' - an aquarium, a boat club, a natural history museum and a zoo.
GETTING TO AHMEDABAD
Ahmedabad airport is located 10 km north of the city center. Indian Airlines & other private airlines have daily flights to Mumbai and Delhi. The city is also connected to Bangalore, Goa and Chennai by regular flights.
The city also has a good road network with good network of National and State Highways. Ahmedabad is well connected by trains with Delhi, Mumbai, Vadodra and Udaipur.
The city is well connected with Bombay, Delhi and other major cities.
Daman is a beautiful, stunning, striking, gorgeous paradise on earth. It is traced to the 1st Century A.D. In the latter part of the XIII Century when the Trimmer Invasion expedited the fall of the Sultanate of Delhi. It was formed out of the dismembered Sultanate and was governed by Meli Moluk who governed the Throne of Cambay, under which jurisdiction it fell. However in ancient times it comprised of two Praganas known as PRAGANA KALANA PAVRI or the LOTUS OF THE MARSHLANDS separated from PRAGANA NEAR by a River Ganga originating in the Hills of Paugysauvar in the Kandesh region. The river passes through the Portuguese villages of Bildary and Gurvary, runs through in various direction through the Pragana NAGAR HAVELI, rounds the south of DADRA enters the Pragana of Kalana Parvi and Naer and meets the Arbian Sea. The Pragaba Kalana Pavri comprise of 13 villagesand 12,883 inhabitants while the Pragana Naer consisted of 23 villages.
Daman is situated at a Latitude 20.22 North and Longitude 72.35 East of Greenwhich. It comprised an area of 384 square kilometers from the River Auranga in the North to River Agashi or Dantura on the South and with a total population of 49,084 inhabitants as per the Census of 1881. The expansionism of the British and the financial turmoil in the early 1900 witnessed the dismembering Daman from Nagar Haveli and the Daman Road Railway Station was taken over by the Satyagarah movement and joined the mainstream within the Indian Union. Later on 18th December, 1961 the Operation Vijaya annexed and occupied the Territory for Indian Union. And in 1975 the Treaty of Friendship and Peace accorded DE FACTO recognition to form an integral part and parcel of India. From the glorious past with three provinces, one full fledged city, one Villa denominated Palace of Arcos, 101 villages, three parishes and 9,842 cannons it became into tiny 72Sq. Km. In area spread between the Kolak River on the North to the Kalai River on the south. The Pragana Kalana Pavri is known as Nani Daman or Small Daman and the Pragana Naer is known as Moti Daman and the Pragana Naer is known as Moti Daman or Big Daman
Fort of Moti Daman
The Fort is protected by a moat on the land side and also connects the river to the sea. It is basically polygonal in plan with projections at regular intervals of about 500 feet and carrying splayed angular bastions. The parapet above the fortification walls is without merlons but is provided with loop holes. The terraces close to the top of the wall are connected to the top of the wall are connected to the inner ground surface by open flight of steps at many places. All along the inner wall, there are barracks for defense personnel's.
It leads on to the border of Gujarat. It is a pleasant spot, where one communes with nature in sublime solitude. This beach is most suited to swimming as it is danger - free. During low - tide, one can walk on the soft wet sand right into the sea. Don't miss a picnic with your family in the shade of Casurina plantation on the sea - shore.
Fort of Nani Daman
The small fort with high stone walls encloses an area of 12,250 sq. meters. It has three bastions and two gateways. The most conspicuous part of the Fort is the giant gateway facing the river with a large statue of St. Jerome and two giant human figures, on either side of the gateway. The imposing church of Our Lady of the Sea is the principal building within the Fort. Nani Daman Nani Daman offers some wonderful sites to the traveler : Gandhi Park near Nani Daman jetty, Nani Daman Fort and the church inside and the fishing jetty where boats are anchored to name a few.
Damanganga Tourist Complex
An unique integrated project with a Cafeteria, Cottages, Conference Hall, Health Club (under construction), Amphi Theatre, Giant Water Falls, Water sports, Island Gardens, Fountains which provide the visiting tourist all facilities in one location. This complex will mesmerize any tourist visiting Daman with its beauty, facilities and size.
Kadiaya Lake Garden
A Wholly man-made wonder offering a variety of cuisine, the restaurant excels in the panoramic view it has to offer. There is a lake surrounding the two islands connected by a bridge. Fountains and beautiful boats add to the remarkable greenery which meets the eye in every direction. Various interesting features like computer games, toy train make it a favorite family tourist spot. The Kadaiya Lake Garden is a famous tourist spot for shooting of many films
It is a monument raised in memory of the Portuguese soldiers who fell during the liberation up rising at Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It has the resemblance of the Pantheon at Athens. At the entrance on the left side, almost attached to the Fort Gate is the modest dwelling where Bocage, an 18th Century Portuguese poet lived.
Church Of Bom Jesus
Bom Jesus is one of the most impressive holy places in Daman. It was completed in its present form in 1603 AD and is a living tribute to the excellence achieved by Portuguese architects and artisans in ornate and intricate Church buildings. The richly carved doorway and the highly, decorated interiors together with the lofty ceiling are aesthetic and pleasing. There are six finely made statues in the best traditions of Roman Church art and architecture. In early days of the Portuguese rule, Bom Jesus was a parish church
Portuguese regime at present office of Collector and District Magistrate situated in this building.
House Of Bocage
At the entrance on the left side, almost attached to the Fort Gate is the modest dwelling where Bocage, an 18th Century Portuguese poet lived
The Paryatan Bhavan
It was constructed in 1995 and inaugurated on 5-1-95. At present the office of tourism department and OIDC are situated at Paryatan Bhavan. Tourist Information Center is also situated at Paryatan Bhavan
The beautiful and well tended amusement park with its musical fountain and kid's corner has become very popular, attracting bus loads of tourists every weekend. When the park is illuminated on festive days, it provides an enchanting sight. Most of the food joints and posh hotels are just within walking distance. Children enjoy the facility of a pony - ride on the sands. The traveler can beat the summer heat by taking a swim in the cool waters of the sea. Those who are not very familiar with the beach at Devka should kindly take note that rough rocky formations are there beneath the water level
Mirasol Water Park
Enjoy Go-Carting, Jumper-Boat, Striking Car & other Thrilling Rides at Mirasol Water Park situated within the Kadaiya Lake Garden.
GETTING TO DAMAN
Nearest Airport is Mumbai. Domestic and International flights are available.
Nearest railhead is Vapi just about 12 Kms. Vapi is on the main railway line between Delhi and Mumbai. All major Express/Mail and Local trains stoppage are accessible at Vapi. Taxi Service is available between Daman & Vapi on charge per head basis. Other nearby railway head is Valsad Jn. just about 35 Kms.
Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway No. 8 connects Daman via Vapi. Some prominent distance: Mumbai - 193 Kms. Ahmedabad - 367 Kms. Diu - 763 Kms.Panaji (GOA) via Mumbai – 787 .
A Portuguese colony like Goa, Diu is an off - shore island on the western coast, off the Gulf of Cambay. The coast has limestone cliffs, rocky coves and sandy beaches, the best of which are at Nagoa. A massive fort built by the Portuguese dominates the skyline.An island of breeze and beauty. The island of Diu, an erstwhile Portuguese colony, is situated off the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat bordering Junagadh district. It is an exquisitely beautiful getaway with golden sand beaches, dense palm-groves and historical monuments sans commercial exploitation and environmental degradation. Diu stands out, in marked contrast to other places, as a tiny island, where people have an excellent civic sense. With the magnificent serenity of its ambience, it is perhaps one of India’s last undiscovered jewels.
With a pleasant climate throughout the year, it affords unprecedented peace and tranquillity to tourists. The beautiful tiny island, is lying on the west coast of India, with a coastal length of 21 kms., is at a distance of about 930 kms. from Bombay. The word 'Diu' is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Dweep'. During the period from the 14th to 16th century Diu was one of the best Sea Ports and a Naval base. Merchants of various lands carried on trade here.
Nagoa beach which is horse-shoe in shape, could well be one of the best beaches of the world. The other equally beautiful beaches are Ahmedpur, Mandvi,Chakratirath, Jallandhar, and Gomtimata all having their own charm and thrill. The administration has provided water-sports facilities. Diu can boast of several historical monuments which are imposing in architecture and design, like the Diu Fort built in 1535, St. Paul’s Church built in 1610 and St, Thomas Church converted into a museum. The Church and the Museum have been floodlit by the administration and gardens, parks and fountains have been created around the monuments to beautify them. Diu is all about lazy days and hazy nights.
A perfect semi circle beach where the gentle lapping waves beckon you to wade into them for a fun filled time of swimming, gamboling or just lolling around the soft sand shores or to find you napping under the palm trees filled with the soothing breeze. The Nagoa beach is the most famous in Diu. Gomptimata, Chakratirth and the beautiful Sunset Point are the other famous beaches. A 20 min. refreshing drive from the town through the open arid land and dense coconut groves brings you to the Nagoa Beach. It is located in the Nagoa hamlet of the village of Bucharwada.
It is situated 3km away from Diu town in Fudam village. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, there are five lingas here that are located in the midst of the rocks on the seashore, and are washed by the waves of the sea. It is believed that these lingas were established here by the five Pandava brothers of the Mahabharata during their exile. The gentle sea waves offering their obeisance to the "Shiva Lingas" in stone have a mystic aura around them in the cave temple of Gangeshwar where the Lord makes his presence felt.
Ghoghla Beach is among the six beautiful beaches in Diu District. It also has facilities for water sports like parasailing, water scooters etc. The Golden sand beach undulates into the horizon while the Arabian Sea laps away at the edge as though imploring the sands to let it find its own peach. You can do swimming, sunbathing, parasailing, surfing etc.
St. Thomas Church - Museum
St. Thomas's Church that has now been taken over by the authorities and converted into the Diu Museum. A huge edifice in gothic architecture was built in 1598. A part of it has been converted into a museum - an archaeological treasure house. It houses wooden carvings, statues, idols, shadow clocks and other important artifacts collected from various sites.
Diu Fort is an expansive and imposing structure, situated on the coast of the island. It was constructed between 1535 and 1541 AD after the defence alliance concluded between the Sultan of Gujarat and the Portuguese. The fort commands a magnificent view of sea. Rugged yet gentle, fierce yet loving. The majestic structure stands on the coast of DIU as a sentinel. Once inside, you are overwhelmed by the gaunt majesty of the ancient stone work which transports you to a bygone era of gallant soldiers where time stands still.
St. Paul's Church
St. Paul's Church is the only active church till date. The church adorned with curiously treated volutes and shell - like motifs and the magnificent wood carving is considered to be the most elaborate of all the Portugese churches in India. St. Paul Church, built in 1691 is consecrated to our Lady of Immaculate Conception. In architectural style it resembles Bom Jesus Church at Goa. The dominant features are, no doubt, Gothic. The wood - panelling of the church is rated one of the best in church craftmanship.
Panikotha - Fortim Do Mar
Legend has it that this ship shape structure was one connected with land by an under sea tunnel. You can see this monument in famous bollywood movie "KAYAMAT". it is a magnificent stone structure in the sea, built right at the mouth of the creek. It can be reached only by a canoe or a motor launch. Approximately one nautical mile from the Diu jetty, it also has a light house and small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Sea. The fortress makes for a beautiful view whether seen from the jetty, from the Fort, from the village of Ghoghla or from Diu proper.
This is one of the best beaches of the region. Secluded and spread with natural white sand, it is located at the western corner of the island.
Jallandhar Shrine is located on a hillock close to the beach. This small shrine crowned with a dome, contains a niche wherein a stone carved face of Jallandhar is seen. Near by there is also a temple of Goddess Chandrika. The beach is at a distance of 1 km from Diu Town. This small shrine crowned with a dome, contains a niche wherein a stone carved face of the demon Jallandhar is seen. Nearby, is the temple of Goddess Chandrika.
GETTING TO DIU
Diu is connected by Vayudoot services with Bombay and Ahmedabad.
Nearest railhead is Delwada (9 km) connected via Veraval by metre gauge line. However Veraval (85 km) is the convenient railhead connected to Bombay via Ahmedabad.
Diu is well connected by road via Una (30 km), to Ahmedabad (495 km), Bhavnagar (225 km), Bombay (930 km), Daman (763 km), Sasangir (128 km), Rajkot (261 km), Somnath (87 km), Veraval (77 km).
Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Gujarat. The city was built up substantially by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji Jamnagar has shot to prominence as Reliance Industries, India's largest private company established the world's largest refinery near Moti Khavdi village. It is also home to Essar Oil, another important oil refinery of India.
The founder of the princely state of Jamnagar was the Jam Rawal, who descended on the northern coast of Kathiawar in 1535 A.D. Jam Rawal's father Jam Lakhaji ruled in Terabanu in Kutch.
According to bardic chronicles, Jam Lakhaji had two cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja, they envied his reputation for valor. Their envy was heightened by the fame of Jam Lakhaji at the siege of Pawagadh. So largely did he contribute to its capture by Bahadurshah, the Emperor of Gujarat, that he was bestowed 12 villages by him. As Jam Lakaji was going to take possession of his new fief, he was treacherously killed by his cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja. Jam Lakhajis son Jam Rawal escaped and on growing up, took vengeance of his fathers murder in the same manner by killing Hamirji Jadeja.
The climate of Jamnagar district is generally pleasant. The summer season extends from March to June, with day time temperature reaching to 42C.The monsoons are from July to September. Winter season sets in during October and extends till February. In association with cyclonic storms or depressions in the Arabian Sea in the post monsoon months and to a lesser extent in May and June, the district experiences strong winds and widespread rain.
Gujarati is the mother tongue of 95.48% of the population of Jamnagar district. The number of speakers of other languages is insignificant. The Gujarati script used universally by the speakers of that tongue is very much akin to Devnagari, but unlike Devnagari it is written without the line overhead. "Kachchhi" the next important language of the district is spoken slightly differently but written in Gujarati script.
RELIGION AND SOCIAL EVILS
Jamnagar district has a predominant Hindu population. Those following other religions are Muslims, Jains, Christians, Sikhs and Buddhists. The population of scheduled castes in the district forms 6.7% of the total population of the district. There is very little tribal or Adivasi population in this district.
The district is free from social evils such as drinking, prostitution etc. thanks to the enforcement of laws prohibiting them. The evil of gambling exists on a very small scale but is mostly confined to urban areas.
Lakhota Fort is Jamnagar's Museum and its terraces display a fine collection of sculpture that spans a period from the 9th to 18th Century. It is situated in the middle of the lake of jamnagar.
Bala Hanuman Temple
At the Bala Hanuman Temple on the southeastern side of the Ranmal lake, there has been continuous chanting of the prayer Shri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram since 1 August, 1964. This devotion has earned the temple a place in the Guiness Book of World Records. Early evening is a good time to visit as the temple and whole lakeside gets busy.
Pratap Vilas Palace
Pratap Vilas Palace was built according to foreign architecture but the carvings on it are very much Indian. It was built as a mimic of Victoria Memorial Building of Calcutta but the domes built on it are according to Indian architecture out of which 3 domes are made of glass. Carvings of creepers, flowers, leaves, birds and animals on the columns make the palace lively. Balconies in the palace add further beauty to it.
Marine National Park
Gujarat has the distinction of creating the country’s first Marine National Park spread over an area of nearly 458 sq.kms. in the Gulf of Kutch, 30 km. from Jamnagar.Here one can find plants that look like animals and animals that look like plants. Turtles, shrimp, sponge, eels, sea urchin lurk among the corals and huge schools of fish create a brilliance of colours that are unknown, unseen and unimaginable to us.
It is situated in picturesque surroundings of Jamnagar.Dwarka is famous for the temple of Dwarkadhish, the "Lord of Dwarka" also known as Jagat Mandir or temple of the world. The temple has seven floors and is beautifully carved from base to pinnacle. The temple of Jagat Mandir, with the presiding deity of Shri Krishna known as Dwarkadhish, is an imposing edifice and a superb architectural monument. Having a plinth area of 1800 square feet, the temple consists of a shrine that is supported by 60 pillars of granite.
Ranjit Sagar Dam
It is Located 13 Kms. away from the Jamnagar. His Highness Jam Ranjitsinhji commenced the construction of 'Ranjit Sagar' dam but was completed only in 1938 during the rule of His Highness Jam Digvijaysinhji, the last ruler of this princely state of Jamnagar. Foundation stone for this dam was laid by His Highness, King of Bikaner, Sir Gangasinhji and hence was named 'Ganga Sagar' after him. But for reasons unknown was later named as 'Ranjit Sagar' dam.
During Aurangzeb's rule in the year 1664, Qutbuddin attacked state of Jamnagar and during which His Highness Jam Raisinhji died. Qutbuddin entered the city with his army and looted it. He built the first mosque in the main bazaar of Jamnagar city. This mosque was later beautified and made bigger and named Jumma Masjid. The present face of Jumma Masjid was given by His Highness Jam Vibhaji's muslim wife Dhanbai
The foundation stone for Vardhman Shah's Jain Temple was laid in 1612 during the rule of His Highness Jam Jasaji and completed in the year 1620. Surrounding this temple 52 'Deri' (very small temple) were built in 1622.
GETTING TO JAMNAGAR
Indian Airlines service connects Jamnagar with Bombay and Bhuj.
Jamnagar is directly connected with Ahmedabad and Bombay. Hapa Jn.(9 km) from Jamnagar is another convenient Railhead on the broad gauge terminus.
Jamnagar to Palitana 246 km, Rajkot 86 km, Ahmedabad 304 km, Somnath 257 km, Dwarka 148 km. Gujarat State Transport services connect Jamnagar with Ahmedabad, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Porbandar, Rajkot, Junagadh, Somnath.
ABOUT JAY SOMNATH
With unstinted support from faith, mythology and history, the temple town in Gujarat Somnath proudly stands with the towering shikharas of grand old ancient Somnath temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Somnath temple, dedicated to one of the 12 revered Jyothirlingas, directs all the movements in city. It enlivens the life of the locals and visitors.
Somnath, literally means Lord of Moon, derived its name from the temple Somnath temple. This religious destination was earlier known as ‘Prabhas Patan’. This town, unaffected by the modern luxuries and concrete jungles, still holds its historical, mythological and religious appeal to masses of Hindu devotees.
Somnath has got its mention in Puranas and Hindu Epics including Mahabharata. This place is considered as a place where Moon (Soma) worshipping the Lord Shiva and hence Shiva is called as Somnath here. Another Hindu mythological story mentions Somnath as the place where Lord Krishna was shot by an arrow in his foot. It is believed that the Yadavas, the descendents of Lord Krishna, fought among themselves and destroyed the Yadav community.
Placed at the extreme southwest Arabian Coast in Sourashtra, Somnath town encloses a serene beach, few streets and a bus stand. It is believed that Somnath is located at a place where the holy River Saraswathy flows into the Sea.
This sacred temple town vibrant with ‘Shiv Bhajan’ is visited by millions of tourists every year. Several nearby attractions, including Somnath Museum, Somnath Beach, Junagadh gate, Bhakta Teertha, Akhilabai temple and Mai Puri, makes this town as a perfect tourist destination for the pilgrims to India.
Maintaining the original site, the present temple is said to have built for the seventh time. The first temple of Somnath is regarded as a structure in Gold, made by Moon God himself. In the 7th century, Somnath Temple was reconstructed by Maitraka kings of Vallabhi inGujarat. The second structure was destroyed by the Arab governor of Sind by the name of Junayad in 725. Again in 815, the third structure was built by Nagabhata II, who was a Pratihara King.
This structure was erected out of red sandstone. In 1024, the temple was raided by Mahmud Ghazni, who took camel-loads of jewels and valuables from here. The Paramara King Bhoj of Malwa and the Solanki King Bhima ofGujarat(Anhilwara) took the initiative to rebuild the temple during 1026-1042. For the fifth time, the wooden structure was replaced with a stone structure by Kumarpal.
Consequently, the temple was destroyed in 1297 by the Sutanat of Delhi and once again in 1394. The last attack was made by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb in 1706. The present temple was built in 1995 by Shree Somnath Trust in the company of the Government of India. Today, Somnath Temple is under the maintenance of Shree Somnath Trust.
Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple
One of the 12 Jyotirlinga temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.
In between of Somnath and Verabal is situated the Kamyak forest (of the Mahabharata) or Bhaluka or Bhaluka Tirtha Mandir. By Town bus, auto or tonga, you may view this Krishna Temple. While the Jadu Dynasty was ruined, having been cursed by Kaurav-mother Gandhari and other sages, Krishna visited Pravash Tirtha to attain peace. However, he found his nemesis in Jara the hunter. If one takes a dip in the kund adjoining this temple on Sukla Dwadashi Tithi, surely he will find his place in heaven, as believed by the devotees. Sree Krishna had washed his bleeding foot here in this kund. It is thus known as Padam Kund ( padam means foot). The legendary 3 rivers as referred in Purana has become non existent in Bhaluka; but Pravash Tirtha is coherent with the reference to Purana is still there in its full glory.
The Gitamandir and Laxminarayan Mandir
are located in Dehotsarg campus. The divine message of Bhagwan Shree Krishna in the form of Shrimad Bhagwat Geeta is carved here on eighteen marble pillars. Laxminarayan Mandir houses divine shreevigraha of Bhagwan Laxminarayan.
Shree Parshuram Temple
This is a sacred spot on the holy banks of Triveni where Bhagwan Parshuram conducted his long penance and he was relieved from the curse of Kshatriya killings by Bhagwan Somnath. Divine Leela Parshuram is perpetuated here by a beautiful Parshuram Temple and two ancient kunds.
Treeveni Sangam Snanghat
The holy confluence of the three rivers Hiran, Kapila and Saraswati and their sangam with the ocean is a very sacred moksha tirtha for Hindus. The bathing facilities are being renovated by Shree Somnath Trust with the assistance of the State Government.
Shree Shashibhushan Mahadev And Bhidbhanjan Ganapatiji
The holy temple of Shashibhushan is located at a distance of 4 km from the Somnath-Veraval highway with a beautiful sea-shore. The Jara poacher is said to have taken aim from this spot while shooting an arrow towards Bhagwan Shree Krishna. The ancient Somnath Poojacharya Shri Bhav Brihaspati is said to have built this temple. Bhagwan Shashibhushan with Bhidbhanjan (Saviour form of) Ganesh is worshipped here with traditional spiritual traditions.
Shree Veneshwar Mahadev Temple
The devotional episode of the princess "Veni” is depicted in the novel by Shri K.M.Munshi. The temple was outside of the fort wall of Prabhaspatan at the time of holy war with Gazani.The soldiers of Gazani attempted an abduction of "Veni” who regularly visited the temple to offer her services to Shiva. The traditions maintain that the Shivling was spontaneously divided and the princess buried in it. The Shiv temple here is knows as "Veneshwar” temple after the fond memory of divine episode of Veni.
Timing for Darshan at Somnath Temple:- 6:00am to 9:00pm
Timing for Aarti:- 7:00 am, 12:00 Noon and 7:00pm
GETTING TO SOMNATH
The nearest airport is Keshod. Located at a distance of about 55 km from Somnath, this domestic airport is well connected to Mumbai. There are flights at regular intervals from Mumbai to Keshod. Mumbai is in turn well connected to all important cities in the country as well as to various other important places in the world. After reaching Keshod airport one can easily avail of any local means of transportation like bus or else hire a car to reach Somnath.
Veraval is the nearest rail head which is merely 7 km from Somnath. A special train "Somnath Express" runs from Ahmedabad to Veraval. Ahmedabad is the state capital of Gujarat and is well linked by rail not only to different places in the state of Gujarat but also to many of the prime cities in India. All you have to do is to take a train to Ahmedabad from any part of the country and then catch the corresponding train to Veraval. From Veraval, just get into a bus or else hire a car or auto to reach Somnath.
A good network of roads connects Somnath to the different important places in the state of Gujarat. The state capital Ahmedabad is 400 km away; Junagadh, Bhavnagar and Porbandar are at a distance of 85, 266 and 122 km respectively but all of them are well linked to Somnath by roads and buses ply on these road routes. In fact Bombay which is 889 km from Somnath is also connected to it by road.
The city where Mahatama Gandhi was born The ancient port of the Saurashtra peninsula, on the Arabian Sea is mentioned in Skanda Puran as Sudamapuri and Ashmavati. It is the city of a mythological story about the great friendship between Lord Krishna and Sudama. Porbadar was the last capital of the Jethwa Rajputs, who ruled this area for about 1200 years – shifting capitals from Ghumli, Ranpur and Chhaya. Present day Porbadar was established as a capital by Rana Sartanji in 1785 AD. Porbandar originally a fortified town, with high rampart walls, bastions and five gates, lost its fortification by the order of Colonel Lally in 1888 AD. Even today, a ritual to circumambulate the fortification is performed by Hindus.
The prosperity of Porbandar was due to maritime trade and it was a thriving port in the Mughal period. It was attacked by the Portuguese in the wake of achieving supremacy over sea trade in 1531 AD. The Walker Treaty of 1807 AD between the ruling clans of Saurashtra and the British put an end to the feuds and it resulted in a favorable environment for the civic development of the Porbandar State.
The most impressive feature of Porbandar is the city planning and the stone buildings with ashlars masonry and rich carving. The facades of the houses on either side of the streets, with series of windows, carved gateways, using eclectic architectural language, invites tourist to experience the streetscape on foot. The series of vistas enriched by a skyline of temples and beautiful public buildings and edifices overlooking the sea on Marine Drive puts Porbandar on the list of coastal heritage towns of Gujarat.
Kirti Mandir is built next to the birthplace of Mahatama Gandhi, who was born here in 1869 AD. Lacs of Indian tourists visit the house of the Mahatama and Kasturba, his wife. Kirti Mandir has a Gandhian library and a prayer hall.
There is no Indian, who has not heard of the legendary friendship of king and devotee – Krishna and Sudama – starting from the ashram of Sandipani Rishi and culminating at the court of Lord Krishna, in the city of gold, Dwarika. The story comes alive with the sight of a beautiful temple in the middle of Porbandar town. In whole of India, this is the only temple dedicated to Sudama. The maze on the platform in the campus is an interesting feature.
Rana Sartanji built Darbargadh, the fortified palace, with a huge carved stone entrance gate flanked by high turrets and massive wooden doors. It is a typical example of such royal enclosures situated within the town of Gujarat. The nearby edifices on the left of the entrance are also good examples of large mansions with courtyards and intricately carved wooden elements.
Rana Sartanji built the three-storeyed summer pavilion, Sartanji Choro in Rajput style as a retreat in the midst of the garden, each side representing a different season. The pillars with images of musicians, profusely carved foliated arches and a single done at the top gives an idea of bygone days, when Rana Sartanji used to compose poems in Braj bhasha, sitting under this pavilion.
Huzoor Palace is located at the end of Marine Drive, in a huge campus. The sprawling palace, built in the European style with sloping roofs is a horizontal structure with several wings and big windows, overlooking the sea. The wings are interspersed with the back and front yards, bringing nature and the building together by gardens and fountains. The semi circular porticos with neo classical pillars, decorated entrance gate and commanding view makes it a must for the visitor. Other such examples of royal and public heritage buildings from the colonial period are public library, old Raj Mahal (now a college), Victoria Jubilee Madresa, Collectorate, Bhavsinhji High School, Natwarsinhji Sports Club.History of Porbandar
Porbandaris one of the smaller districts of Gujarat, and spans over an area of 2,286 sq km. Porbandar has Jamnagarin the north, Junagadh in the east, Rajkot Districtin the west, and the Arabian Seain the south. In the 10th century it was known as 'Pauravelakul' and then 'Sudamapuri'.
Many memon merchants lived here before partition and some still continue living there.The port here was a great atraction for merchants in older days. Porbandar has a climate that is ideal for cultivation for Cotton, groundnut, bajra, gram, wheat, and jowar . the rivers Ozat, Meghal andBhadar further enhanced the cultivation of these major crops over the years.In modern times Cement industry and Soda-ash industry have become two major industries in Porbandar.
The Hindu mythological story about the friendship between Lord Krishna and Sudama is related to this place,which shows how ancient this area had been.It is also known as the birthplace of Gandhiji .
The most impressive feature of Porbandar is the city planning and the stone buildings with ashlar masonry and rich carving. The facades of the houses on either side of the streets, with series of windows, carved gateways are the beauty of the city. It is also known as "White City" because of its white stone construction.
The beautiful historical buildings overlooking the sea on Marine Drive puts Porbandar on the list of coastal heritage towns of Gujarat.
Porbandar was originally a fortified town, with high walls, bastions and five gates, lost its fortification by the order of Colonel Lally in 1888 AD.
During Mughal reign Porbandar served as a thriving port .It was attacked by the Portuguese to achieve supremacy over sea trade in 1531 AD. The Walker Treaty of 1807 AD between the ruling clans of Saurashtra and the British put an end to the feuds and it resulted in a favorable environment for the civic development of the Porbandar State.
Kirtimandir the birth place of our national father, Mahatma Gandhi. It is mainly center of attraction for the foreign tourist. Imagination and dream of Kirtimandir was incarnated by Shri Nanji Kalidas Mehta and complied with proficiency by Shri Purushottam Mistry. The original birth place of Mahatma Gandhi and close to it the symbol of faith for all the religion i.e. Kirti Mandir make up of marble stones are the great place to visit Porbandar.
Porbandar’s coastal line is just half a kilometre away from the city. Popularly known as Chowpatty, it is one of the main attractions for the local population as well as tourists, to visit and enjoy the beautiful scenery throughout the year.
Do you know whose friendship is being recognized as the best example in the hearts of the Indians? Extremely poor but self-respected Sudama and Krishna’s friendship brings tears of joy, when remembered. It is in memory of this Sudama that a temple has been built in the heart of the city, known as Sudama Mandir.
Pictures, sculptures and symbols belonging to the Indian are culture and religion have been exhibited in the place. It is the mirror of Indian tradition.
Tara Mandal (Planetarium)
All heavenly bodies like stars and planets are shown and explained vigorously and scientifically by the special effect movies on a round screen upside in a Theatre, which seems wonderful.
Temples, Mosques and Cemeteries.
Satyanarayan temple, Bhutnath Mahadev temple, Jadeshwar temple, Ramdhun temple and many more temples welcomes to pilgrims in Porbandar.
Seven mosques named Nagina Masjid, Jumma Masjid, Mitthi Masjid, Khari Masjid, Sunni Vora Masjid, Takia Masjid are also famous for the visitors. Roman Catholic Church, C.N.I Protestant Church, are also well known here. Hindu crematorium, Muslim, Parasi cemetery are also here. In olden days Britisher’s graveyard was found here.
GETTING TO PORBANDAR
Jamnagar, 145 kms away, is the nearest airport.
Dwarka is a station on the Ahmedabad-Okha broad gauge railway line connected to Jamnagar, Rajkot (217 kms) and Ahmedabad (378 kms).
There is regular bus service from Jamnagar, Rajkot and other nearby towns connected to Dwarka.
Saputara is a very beautiful place situated in the Dang district of Gujaratwhich draws a lot of tourists. Saputara at an altitude of about 875 meters is an ideal place to escape from the hustling bustling city life giving peace of mind and calm to the tourist. Saputara with its youthful features and beautiful landscapes in the midst of the green woods offers a refreshing atmosphere to the visiting tourist. Alandwith a long and deep historical past, Saputara is a favorite choice of many Indian travelers. There are various tourist places in India. Travel business in India has been growing day by day. Owing to the variety that the country of India as to offer to the tourists in terms of locations, climate, culture, topography, cuisine, art and architecture, you will have at your proceed a number of tourist places in India deserving a visit or two. This portal not only gives certain information about tourist places in India but also gives in-depth information about Saputara, a tourist place in Gujarat. Saputara is one of the ancient and renowned places in Gujarat, India. Saputara is popular for its splendor.
Every couple wishes honeymoon to be one of the best phases of their life. Saputara is one of the best tourist places in Gujarat where any couple can plan out their honeymoon in the enchanting atmosphere of Saputara. The honeymoon experience in Saputara for any couple would be the most memorable. Saputara has the best of scenic views, climate, sightseeing, attractions and honeymoon resorts. There are many hotels and restaurants in and around Saputara so that every visitor can obtain cheap and enjoyable accommodation and delicious food as per one's taste. Saputara is a striking place and chief tourist attraction place in Gujarat. Saputara hotels are very famous for their accommodation facilities and hospitality. Hotels in Saputara are easily available. Saputara hotels are reasonably inexpensive as well as hotels at Saputara have very good status. There are various five star & three star hotels at Saputara and many more hotels are still coming up in Saputara. Hotels in Saputara are developed in such a way that all the tourist attraction places, shopping centers and markets are nearby so that the visitors can travel easily. Hotels in Saputara even provide transportation facility. The tours and travel facility is also accessible to roam around the town as well as to reach Saputara from various places around it.
This beautiful hill station is perched on a plateau in the Dang forest area of the Sahyadri Range. At an altitude of about 1000 m. it has cool climate, the highest temperature even in the summer do not exceed 28 °C. Saputara though not has much on its history, legends has it that Lord Rama spent 11 years of his exile in these very forests. Saputara means the 'Abode of Serpents' and a snake image on the banks of the river Sarpagana is worshiped by the Adivasis on festivals like Holi. Saputara has been developed as a planned hill resort with all the necessary amenities like hotels, parks, swimming pools, boat club, theaters, ropeways and a museum to ensure an enjoyable holiday in the cool of the hill. Saputara attracts lots and lots of tourist to its scenic lap, owing to its stunning view, lively location and cool climate. Saputara has marvelous waterfalls and the place is ideal for watching sunrise and sunset. In the pleasant monsoon, Saputara offers breathtaking scenes for nature lovers. The Saputara Lake in the backdrop of lusting greenery and charming surroundings is a major attraction here. Boating facilities such as paddle boats or row boats are available on the lake.
The Gira waterfalls which comes in full pour in the months of June to November is just 52 km away from Saputara. It is a very pleasant place for picnics and week ends. The tourists never miss this waterfall in Saputara
Saputara Lake is the major attraction of tourists in this hill station. There is a Boat Club here from where you can hire sailboats, paddleboats and rowing boats and enjoy boating in the lake. The Sun Rise and Sun Set Points provide landscape and varied views of the sun.
Vansda National Park
Vansda National Park is spread over an area of about 24 sq km and it is the home of tigers, leopards, python, four-horned antelope, pangolin, rusty-spotted cats and giant squirrels. This park which draws a lot of tourist's attention was initially a private forest of the Maharaja of Vansda.
The Purna Sanctuary at a distance of about 60 km north of Dang is situated at Mahal in the Western Ghats of Gujarat. It is a dense damp deciduous forest full of bamboos leading the path.
Forest Nursery in Saputara offers many varieties of plants and trees. The nursery is run by the forest department. Many flowered plants can be spotted here; different varieties of Hibiscus flowers attract many visitors. Saplings of fruit trees, flowered plants, creepers and many other trees are showcased here and one can purchase these saplings for a reasonable price.
Lake Garden is a major entertainment for both the locals and the tourists coming here. This is a very beautiful garden very well maintained enclosing nice plants and rare kinds of trees. The Lake garden looks very fertile, full of lush green trees and plants. Apart from the garden it also accommodates a play area for the children
This is a beautiful garden which has different species and variety of roses. The different colors of the roses give a spectacular view to the visitors.
One another attractive place in Saputara, step garden has the unique feature of a garden set up in steps. Well laid out steps are adorned with beautiful plants, flower pots and in the midst of nice woods. There is a Forest hut for a comfortable stay to the visitors, placed amidst the garden. The Garden is well maintained and offers variety of flowers and plants.
Nageshwar Mahadev Temple
The Nageshwar Mahadev Temple is known for its holiness and is one of the most religious places in this area. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Shiva. This temple has hundreds of devotees visiting daily.
The Saputara museum is centrally located in the town near the main market. The museum mainly exhibits the various lifestyles and culture of the tribal people of this area namely the Dangis. Museum provides spectacular exhibition of variety of clothes, utensils, traditional artifacts, lifestyles, house objects, musical instruments, ornaments and many such objects which are used by the native tribal Dangis. Apart from this exhibition the museum also conducts a workshop on most of the days which teaches the making of the traditional objects.
Botanical Garden, Saputara
It islocated about 49 kms. from Saputara. A huge garden spreading over twenty four hectares with 1,400 species of plants from all overIndia. The novice nature lovers can wonder at different varieties of bamboo like the Golden Bamboo, Chinese Bamboo, and Beer Bottle Bamboo etc. and enjoy meandering along the beautiful passages each queued upwith different species of tree.
Gira Falls, Saputara
It is situated about 49 kms. from Saputara. It is located at a fair distance from Saputara on Waghai Road which takes you to an enormous clearing where the vivid Gira falls emerging from the tributary named Kapri can be viewed
Saptashringi Devi Mandir, Saputara
It is situatedabout 68 kms. from Saputara. Saptashringi known as one of the sister of Kali (Hindu Goddess). Sapta stands for seven and shring stands for pinnacle so Saptashringi means the mountain with seven peaks. This temple is visited by the religious followers throughout the year and the rush period is Dashera when a fair is organized where lakhs of devotees visit the mandir during Navarathra.
GETTING TO SAPUTARA
Saputara connectivity is provided by Mumbai and Surat. Mumbai is 248 km from Saputara and Surat is 205 km from Surat. Ideally, passengers can take flights from Surat airport due to its closer distance to Saputara.
Nasik railway station is nearest to Saputara only 79 km from the hills of Saputara.
Saputara is directly connected with major cities and towns of India. Gujarat and Maharashtra State transport buses and private operator buses are available to reach this travel destination. Both luxury and ordinary buses are available, you may also hire a private taxi to reach Saputara. If you want to reach Saputara by your own car, be sure to fill petrol tank at waghai, which is 51 km from Saputara. Another option is to fill petrol tank at a filling station 40 km towards Nasik, as there is no petrol or diesel filling station in Saputara.
Sasangir National Park was established in order to conserve the Asiatic Lion, on 18th September 1965, as a Forest Reserve with an area of about 2,450 hectares. A principal part of the Junagadh District of Gujarat, it is 90 kms from the Keshod Airport in the Kathiawar (Saurashtra) Peninsula. A small town named Sasan with a forest rest house, is the headquarters of the Gir Wildlife Sanctuary. A hilly terrain with a dense network of rivers is the distinct feature of Sasangir National Park. Sasangir was declared partially as a Wildlife Sanctuary and partially a National Park in 1975.
Gir Wildlife Sanctuary is one and the only existing habitat of the Asiatic lion found only in these forests since 1884 whose statistical figures are around 300 presently. The Asiatic lion differs from the African Lion in its size, which is slightly smaller than its African cousin. The national park is made of three adjoining reserves - the Nalsarovar Lake and Sanctuary inhabiting several water-birds; the Little Rann of Kutch, home to the Indian Wild Ass; and the captivating Flamingo Island make the Sasangir National Park an ideal place for wildlife buffs.
The Sasangir National Park boasts of many antique temples like Kankai Mata and Tulsishyam. The best way to explore the national park and enjoy the wildlife viewing in the Sasangir wildlife sanctuary is by jeep safari. The best long jeep drives from Sasan are conducted to Baval Chowk and Kankai, Chodavdi, Tulsishyam and to Kamaleshwar dam.
Flora in Sasan Gir National Park
The Gir is an area with mixed deciduous forests with Teak, Ber, Flame of the forest, Jamun and Babool. A wildlife sanctuary owes a distinct belt of vegetation along the main rivers and streams. The rare tree species like the Jambu, Karanj, Umro, Vad, Kalam, Charal, Sirus and Amli are found here abundantly. These wide and tall, broad leaved and evergreen trees provide a cool shade and moisture to the area.
Wildlife in Sasangir Wildlife Sanctuary
The Sasangir National Park accommodates the wild animals like chinkara, wild boar, striped hyena, jackal, common langur, porcupine, hare, black buck and other animals. There are more than 200 bird species including the peafowl, grey partridge, Bonelli's eagle, crested serpent eagle, jungle bush quail, painted sandgrouse, common green pigeon and several species of doves. The Kamleshwar Dam in Sasangir Wildlife Sanctuary is home to the marsh crocodile commonly seen in the river. There is also the only crocodile-breeding farm in this national park.
GETTING TO SASANGIR
Keshod is the nearest airport from Sasangir via Veraval. Daily flights are also available from Mumbai to Keshod.
The nearest railhead from Sasangir is Ahmedabad.
Sasangir is well connected with Ahmedabad via Rajkot, Junagadh and Mendarda. The state transport buses are also easily available from Junagadh and Veraval to Gir between November to June.